1. Hirai, A., Ko, J., Owens, P., et al. (2021). Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome and Maternal Opioid-Related Diagnoses in the US, 2010-2017. JAMA, 325 (2); 145-155.
2. Young, LW., Hu, Z., Annett, RD., et al (2020). Site level variation in the characteristics and care of infants with neonatal opioid withdrawal. Pediatrics, 147 (1), e2020008839.

Did You Know

1. Hahn, J., Lengerich, A., Byrd, R., Stoltz, R., Hench, J., Byrd, S., Ford, C. (2016). Neonatal abstinence syndrome: the experience of infant massage. Creative Nursing. doi: 10.1891/1078-4535.22.1.45.
2. Ryan, G., Dooley, J., Finn, L., Kelly, L. (2019). Nonpharmacological management of neonatal abstinence syndrome: a review of the literature. The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, 32 (10), 1735-1740.
3. Mangat, A., Schmolzer, G., Kraft, W. (2019). Pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments for the neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). Seminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine. doi: 10.1016/j.siny.2019.01.009.